Dr. Langan’s excellent scholarship clearly shows how vested interests can skew the regulatory procedures and wreak havoc on physicians’ careers.

  Disrupted Physician

In  Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research 1  Thomas McGarity and Wendy Wagner describe how special interest groups scheme to advance their own economic or ideological goals by using distorted or “bent” science to influence legal, regulatory and public health policy. The authors describe a “separatist view” of science and policy that assumes scientific research is sufficiently reliable for public policy deliberations and legal proceedings when it reaches them.  This is illustrated as a pipeline in which it is presumed  the scientific community has properly vetted the information flow through rigorous peer-review and professional oversight.  The final product that exits the pipeline is presumed to be unbiased and produced in accordance with the professional norms and procedures of the scientific method.  The reliability, integrity and validity of the final product is accepted.

This view does not consider the possibility that the scientific work exiting the pipeline could be distorted and…